Like other types of illegal or unethical activities, conflicts of interest have the potential for consequences. Federal and regional laws have been created to criminalize conflicts of interest in the public sector and, in certain circumstances, conflicts of interest may be prosecuted. To be conservative, we assume that we are only reducing the 23.5% increase between 1986 and 1999 to the most recent average of 32.6% for government shares, the undated conflicts of interest caused by the $1.7 billion in election contributions. That`s 9% of the $3 trillion in profits the financial industry generated during that period, or $270 billion. This equates to a return of more than $50 for every dollar invested in political campaigns and lobbying for this sector. (This $270 billion represents nearly $1,000 for every man, woman and child in the United States.) Outside of politics, in such a short time, there is little room outside politics with such a high return on investment. [Citation required] Section 7.2. If the terms used in this IOC Directive, such as . Appropriate compensation (which are served under the provisions of Directive 53.4958-4 (b) (1) (ii) of the regulations), have a special meaning under the Internal Income Code and/or the regulations adopted, this IOC Directive must be interpreted as taking this meaning into account, as the context requires.
One of the most common questions in corporate practice is whether parent companies and their subsidiaries should be treated as equal or different entities for conflict purposes.  The first authority to rule on this issue was the California State Bar Ethics Committee, which issued a formal opinion that parent companies and their subsidiaries should be considered separate entities for conflict purposes.  The California committee considered a situation in which a lawyer accepted a directly unfavourable representation to the 100% subsidiary of a client when the lawyer did not represent the subsidiary.  Referring to the company as a customer executive in Rule 1.13, the California committee stated that there was no conflict until the parent company and its subsidiary had a „sufficient entity of interest.”  The Committee announced the following standard for assessing the separation between the mother and the secondary party: in legal practice, the duty of loyalty owed to a client prohibited from representing another party with interests contrary to those of a current client.