Table S3. The year in which the warming temperature of the target is reached for each CPR within each ESM. The Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive climate agreement between nearly 200 countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The stated objective of the agreement is to keep global average temperatures rising well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to limit temperature increases to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while pursuing a policy of solving and financing the problem of global warming. Although the Paris Agreement addresses various elements – mitigation, adaptation, financing – of the fight against climate change, they have not been developed in the way and the way developing countries wanted and need it. The authors made some recommendations to ensure that the objectives of the agreement were met. Extrapolation to capture 130 million tonnes worldwide from the catch of the most commodity-producing fish species to be protected indicates that the agreement could protect a total of 9.5 million tonnes per year. All is the same, this capture gain translates into gains of $13.1 billion in FR and $10.6 billion in SWI, while HSE is reduced by $18.3 billion (Table S2). It is in the national interest of all countries of the world to ensure that the Paris Agreement on climate change is implemented and that countries meet their commitments. After all, we owe our children and grandchildren the prospect of a safe place to live unscathed from the damage caused by climate change.
This agreement benefits the Americans. It is in our interest to stick to the agreement and ensure that all countries live up to their commitments. In this regard, we are relying on previous information on the impact of climate change on biomass, capture and revenue to determine how the implementation of the Paris Agreement could mitigate these declared changes and how this mitigation could be caused by changes in fish prices from the fishing and fishing market. , as well as subsequent changes in the incomes of fishermen and seafood workers (SWI) and consumer spending on seafood worldwide. The impact of supply changes on price is a fundamental concept in economic theory, although it has been used sparingly in global fisheries analyses (7) and has generally not been broken down by taxon and region. The fact that seafood is a highly marketed product from other parts of the world is a relevant factor that may influence the results of these studies (8). While international trade can influence price flexibility (or how domestic supply and demand change), our analysis shows that the influence of trade on domestic markets is small. Available seafood trade data indicate the likelihood of this conclusion, as (i) much of the catch is consumed locally in fish-producing countries and (ii) price transfers (or transfers) from international markets to domestic markets are generally low (0-5%). (Materials and methods).
Prices for fishing vessels were determined from a reconstructed version of a global fish price database for ex-ships, which was developed in addition to the Reconstituted Sau Catch Database (Sea Around Us) (37). In other words, any single catch data for the year of the species has an equivalent price, either directly from the collection of price data or derived from an estimate model. Prices for fish from the ship are the prices a fisherman receives directly for catches or at the first point of sale when the fish enters the supply chain for the first time. With respect to capture registrations without direct price agreement, prices were estimated according to a country-product-model model, in which reported prices were cross-referenced on the basis of taxonomic classification and converted using purchasing power parities (37).